• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Investigating Solutions to tackle the Lack of Cyber Security Specialist in the Country
        mohammad fathian Mehdi Abolhamid محمدرضا رفیعی
        Expert workforce is one of the most important IT security assets that private and public sectors around the world are currently competing for. According to specialists, Iran is also facing the shortage of cyber security experts, which can lead to potentially serious pro More
        Expert workforce is one of the most important IT security assets that private and public sectors around the world are currently competing for. According to specialists, Iran is also facing the shortage of cyber security experts, which can lead to potentially serious problem. This study presents some solutions for this problem in Iran. In order to identify the solutions, literature was reviewed and semi-structured interviews were conducted through related various experts and specialists. Finally, strategies were prioritized by fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and solutions are investigated by importance-performance analysis. According to the results, specialists believe that workforce maintaining and training improvement are more important than other strategies. Training-recruitment plans, aptitude assessment plans, cyber security events and challenges, schools student targeted plans and improving policies and rules have been considered as more important solutions. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Designing a model for the creation of export consortia in the context of industrial clusters
        Mahmood  Ghayoomi mohammad hosein abooie Mohammad Ali  Vahdat Abolghasem  Ebrahimi
        Despite the considerable number of small and medium size enterprises, their impact on the economic area is not remarkable due to the existing limitations in the area of financial resource, human resource, market accessibility and market information. Since most of the ac More
        Despite the considerable number of small and medium size enterprises, their impact on the economic area is not remarkable due to the existing limitations in the area of financial resource, human resource, market accessibility and market information. Since most of the active enterprises in industrial clusters are small and medium enterprises, and considering that the characteristics of the industrial cluster affect the function of active enterprises within the cluster and these features facilitate marketing and export activities, One of the most significant ways to overcome these limitations is to organizing and strengthening of the powers of the small firms through the establishment of network and common collaboration between enterprises in the export area as well as the design of a model for the establishment of export consortia. In this research, the goal is providing a model for the creation of export consortia in the context of industrial clusters, information resources from semi-structured interviews with cluster development agent, managers of industrial units that involved in industrial clusters and the study of institutional documents, were collected. It identifies the dimensions, components and features that influence the establishment of a successful export consortium according to the grounded theory by doing open, axial, and selective coding. In addition, 205 concepts were categorized in the form of a model into 26 sub-categories and 6 main categories including causal conditions, main phenomena, executive strategies, underlying factors, confounding factors and consequences. By receiving expert opinions on industrial clusters and export consortiums with a successful or unsuccessful experience through statistical analysis of the questionnaire and using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and through identifying the weight of each category and concept, their relative importance in the success of export consortia was discussed. The proposed model incorporates all the factors that contribute to the establishment of successful export consortia and can be used as a comprehensive model. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Role and Relationship of Innovation and the Business Environment in Promoting Global Competitiveness
        Mehrdad Maghsoudi Mahdi Elyasi Shahram Khalil Nezhad
        The current era is called the age of globalization, an era in which the competition of enterprises has surpassed the regional and national levels and is taking place at the global level. In the current competitive environment, countries in the world are seeking to impro More
        The current era is called the age of globalization, an era in which the competition of enterprises has surpassed the regional and national levels and is taking place at the global level. In the current competitive environment, countries in the world are seeking to improve their competitiveness, and one of the key questions in promoting competitiveness is the role of innovation and the business environment in enhancing competitiveness. In this research, to answer the above question, the countries of the world, based on the Global Competitiveness Report- between 2013 and 2018 and using clustering technique were split into four different levels of competitiveness, then using the PLS , the role of the relationship between innovation and the business environment in enhancing global competitiveness was analyzed at four levels of competitiveness. Based on the results of the research, the role of innovation in promoting competitiveness was not proven in countries with low level of competitiveness, but it was proved in three levels of competitiveness. According to other findings of this study, the relationship between business environment and innovation at all levels of competitiveness was significant and positive and the role of the business environment in enhancing competitiveness in all four levels of competitiveness was proven. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Modeling of Private Utility Function for disciplines based on Students’ Attitudes
        hasan karimi Adel Azar mojtaba amiry Mahmoud Dehghan Nayeri Ezatollah Abbasian
        Objective: In Iran policymaking in higher education has been done by using a bureaucratic approach regardless of market and real demand for the disciplines, in recent years. Ignorance of the students’ priorities and their attitudes in choosing field of study has led to More
        Objective: In Iran policymaking in higher education has been done by using a bureaucratic approach regardless of market and real demand for the disciplines, in recent years. Ignorance of the students’ priorities and their attitudes in choosing field of study has led to the unbalanced development of the higher education system and inability to respond to the needs of society. The aim of this study is to identify, evaluate and model effective factors in the utility of disciplines based on students’ attitudes. Methods: In this exploratory study, the private utility factors of disciplines from the students' points of view, in Tehran universities, were identified, categorized and analyzed simultaneously using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling technique (PLS-SEM) and Smart PLS 3.2.9 software. Results: The initial model of private utility of disciplines in this study had 5 constructs and 29 indicators, while the final model includes 3 constructs and 13 indicators. Finally, in addition to multi-group analysis for some nominal variables, the model and Private Utility Function for disciplines were presented. Private Utility Function can be used to measure and compare disciplines utility scores. Conclusion: This study contributes to the need for demand analysis of disciplines in policymaking in higher education. The final model showed that the private utility of disciplines depends on 3 constructs: field-characteristics, university-characteristics and job-characteristics. The students declared that only 13 of 29 indicators, were asked for, are important in choosing a field of study and the cost is not an effective variable. Based on the results, it is suggested that higher education policymakers focus on the constructs and indicators in order to lead students to prioritized area in development programs of country and manage the demand for other disciplines. Since, the cost was not an important variable in final model, financing policies for disciplines could be revised to optimize the government budget allocation. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Identifying the appropriate method of technology transfer in an automotive battery industry aimed at world-class manufacturing
        Amir Hossein Latifian Reza Tavakoli Moghadam mphammadali keramati
        Today, with the progress of science and the increasing trend in complexity of technological processes, cooperation between organizations is among their significant strategies and their public policies in technology development all around the world. So, success in the wo More
        Today, with the progress of science and the increasing trend in complexity of technological processes, cooperation between organizations is among their significant strategies and their public policies in technology development all around the world. So, success in the world today is obviously dependent on utilizing technology. Technology transfer is just one of the fields in implementation of technology management, which requires a broad and delicate vision. For this very reason, this research deals with recognizing and ranking the parameters influential in technology transfer in the automotive battery industry, to reach manufacturing world class. In the first part, effective indexes in assessing technology transfer methods in the automotive battery industry section were recognized and within the second part, Weighting coefficients related to any individual index were calculated through implementing fuzzy step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis (SWARA) decision-making method and then, in order to implement the proposed model, the methods of technology transfer were evaluated and their final prioritization was calculated utilizing the combined method of GRA-VIKOR relation analysis under the fuzzy environment .According to the results of the fuzzy step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis (SWARA) method, three influential factors in evaluation of technology transfer methods in the automotive battery industry were introduced as “he management style development”, “the strategic consequences” and “the cost effectiveness”. Finally, based on the results of the proposed method, the transfer method of “joint investment” was recognized as the most suitable technique for technology transfer in this industry, and through this method, all the managers and policy-makers can focus all theiractivities based on this system. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Identifying the effective actors of forex trading network in the NIMA system using social network analysis
        Mehrdad Agha Mohammad Ali Kermani mohammad javad Rokhsat Talab Saeed Mirzamohammadi
        Nima system is an integrated system of foreign exchange transactions. Nima is a platform system that has been designed and implemented with the aim of managing the foreign exchange market. In this system, on the supply side, exporters can sell the currency from their ex More
        Nima system is an integrated system of foreign exchange transactions. Nima is a platform system that has been designed and implemented with the aim of managing the foreign exchange market. In this system, on the supply side, exporters can sell the currency from their exports, and on the demand side, importers can request to buy foreign currency. Identifying effective actors in each of these markets can have a positive impact on the policies of the main market maker of this system, the central bank.Using social networks analysis (SNA) tools can be a good way to achieve this. Since in these networks each of the actors can only have one of the roles of "buyer" or "seller" and there is only the possibility of trading and communication with the opposite role, these networks can be called bipartite networks. As a result, the usual approaches to identifying effective actors for these networks will not be usable. In contrast to standard approaches, we used a weighted projection algorithm to solve this problem. After projectting each of the two networks of foreign exchange supply and demand, four new networks are created, including the network of seller-exporters, buyer exchange offices, buyer importers, and seller exchange offices. Then We will try to make a method to score and rank the nodes. As a result of the implementation of the algorithm, a ranking was provided for the nodes, based on which the node with the highest rank will be the most important node in our network. Finally, in order to make suggestions to the policymaker, by analyzing the results of the ranking, questions about effective market players were answered. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Imposing learning based roadmap for the application of Industry 4 Internet of Things in the health care products industry
        Niloofar Aminikalibar Fatemeh saghafi mansure hoorali SEDIGHEH Rezaiian
        There is a difference in the technology development model between developing and developed countries. In developing countries, it commences with learning the technology from innovations takes place in developed ones. Thus, the driving engine of technology development in More
        There is a difference in the technology development model between developing and developed countries. In developing countries, it commences with learning the technology from innovations takes place in developed ones. Thus, the driving engine of technology development in late countries is learning the technology instead of providing innovation; in the way that the core of activities, organizations and communications are all concentrating on learning. The combination of virtual and real world has created a concept named as Industry 4.0. Nowadays, the application of Industry 4.0 in different scopes is expanding; applying it there requires setting a roadmap. This research aims to propose a learning-based roadmap for the application of industry 4.0 (especially the Internet of Things) in the sale and distribution of healthcare products. Here, there has been used the learning-based roadmapping method, the process of which is explained in eight steps. Two groups of a distinct expert panel including the business industry and technology industry contributed to this research; the Delphi method has been used to guarantee the convergence. The paper’s result can be used as a pattern for deployment in other related fields and secondly guidance in the industry to estimate required funds in the sale and distribution of health care products. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Toward Urban Good Governance: The necessities of the urban Building Management system in Iranian experts’ representations (Case study: Tehran)
        Gholamreza  Kazemian hossein aslipour Arash Taqipour
        Urban growth is a vegetative process that crystallizes as an accumulative process, shaping the city spatial structure over decades. In this way, current activities are deposited on the urban fabric through Building, and improve and develop the urban form in response to More
        Urban growth is a vegetative process that crystallizes as an accumulative process, shaping the city spatial structure over decades. In this way, current activities are deposited on the urban fabric through Building, and improve and develop the urban form in response to the changing needs of its time. Since the Building custodian at the Urban level is the Urban management; and governance is a central issue on the path to sustainable development; the research’s problem is "What are the necessities of [Tehran’s] urban building management system in Iranian researchers’ representations". In this regard, the scientific descriptions of Iranian experts on the realities and desirability of the urban Building management system are considered as a face of truth; and the researcher, in order to understand it, uses the thematic analysis strategy as one of the qualitative methods. In this regard, out of 789 sources updated in the Iranian scientific databases, 65 were systematic sampled. The results of this fundamental research showed that according to Iranian experts, the urban building management system of Tehran can be considered as "Tehran’s Building Governance", when it has a Reliable, Remarkable, and Respectable. In other words, by pursuing "fair, balanced and empowering growth", it has sought to "solve the physical and spatial problems of the city of Tehran" in order to achieve "sustainable and affordable product"; and follows this path by "relying on endogenous capacities based on local values" by a "cooperative, efficient and collectivist organization" and in "facing the legal-executive challenges of Tehran’s urban management". Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        9 - A step towards designing a strategic model of social governance in the Islamic Republic of Iran
        Alireza Aliahmadi
        The main purpose of this study is to design a strategic model of social governance system based on the discourse of Velayat-e Faqih, the Constitution and the successful experiences of the Islamic Republic of Iran and successful human experiences. For this purpose, six More
        The main purpose of this study is to design a strategic model of social governance system based on the discourse of Velayat-e Faqih, the Constitution and the successful experiences of the Islamic Republic of Iran and successful human experiences. For this purpose, six sub-objectives for the research were agreed and to answer these objectives, one main question and ten sub-questions were prepared. In this article, a summary of the research achievements in answering each of the research questions is reported. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        10 - ارزیابی تاثیر توانایی مدیریت، روابط سیاسی و بحرانهای مالی بر مدیریت ریسک بانکهای پذیرفته شده در بورس اوراق بهادار تهران
        عبدالمجید کوزه گر کالجی عباس پورآقا جان Mohammad Abbasian
        Identifying the factors affecting the performance, risk and price of banks is important both from the perspective of shareholders and depositors and from the perspective of active elements in the market. Given that the financial market consists of the two main pillars o More
        Identifying the factors affecting the performance, risk and price of banks is important both from the perspective of shareholders and depositors and from the perspective of active elements in the market. Given that the financial market consists of the two main pillars of the money market and the capital market, the most important task of the capital market is to attract scattered capital and its optimal allocation to units that move both for economic development and to maintain the expected interests of investors. Therefore, banks, as the engine of financing the economy, are of special importance for other enterprises active in the economy, both for the government and for the banks themselves. Accordingly, identifying the factors and indicators affecting performance and profitability, risk management, as well as changes in their stock prices, both in terms of bank management and from a macroeconomic point of view, can guide the economy and governments. On the other hand, given that the main activity of banks is to provide facilities and loans to applicants, proper management of banking challenges and improving the factors affecting the efficiency and effectiveness of banking resources, can move the economic cycle in the right direction. Accordingly, the researcher analyzed the information of 11 banks in the 9-year period from 2009 to 2017 to assess the impact of management ability, political relations and financial crises on performance improvement, risk management and falling prices of banks listed on the stock exchange. Tehran Stock Exchange paid. The results of the analysis of hypotheses in three parts show that first, the ability to manage has no significant effects on any of the performance indicators of banks, including return on assets, return on capital, growth rate of shared income and growth rate of non-shared income, as well as management ability on liquidity risk effects. It is significant, but it does not affect credit, operational and bankruptcy risk. Finally, the ability to manage has not affected the risk of falling stock prices of banks. Second, political relations have only a positive and significant effect on the growth rate of shared income and have no significant effects on return on assets, return on capital and growth rate of non-shared income. Also, political relations have significant effects on liquidity risk and bankruptcy, but on risk. Credit and operations are not affected. Finally, political relations have not affected the risk of falling stock prices of banks. Third, financial crises only have a positive and significant effect on the growth rate of shared income and have no significant effects on return on assets, return on capital and growth rate of non-shared income. Also, financial crises have significant effects on credit risk, liquidity and bankruptcy. Does not affect operational risk Finally, financial crises have a statistically significant effect on the risk of falling stock prices of banks. Manuscript profile