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    • Open Access Article

      1 - Identification the components of Distinguishing management using Delphi fuzzy technique
      Ali shariat nejad سید نجم الدین موسوی
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      The present study aimed to provide distinguish management cpmponent for pharmaceutical companies using Fuzzy Delphi method. This research is a mix research with exploratory approach which in terms of quantitative and qualitative research in the field of methodology and Full Text
      The present study aimed to provide distinguish management cpmponent for pharmaceutical companies using Fuzzy Delphi method. This research is a mix research with exploratory approach which in terms of quantitative and qualitative research in the field of methodology and in terms of research philosophy includes deductive-inductive research. The statistical population of this study is all pharmacies, pharmacy companies in Lorestan province. In the qualitative section, the sample members of the research using a bullet-sampling method are selected and in the quantitative part of the research, they selected by Multi-stage cluster sampling. Since the present study is a mixed research with a quantitative and qualitative approach, both the interviewing tools and the questionnaire are used simultaneously. Regarding to analyze the research data, it should be noted that for analyzing qualitative data, the coding method and the ATLAS.TI software were used, also analysis in qualitative section with fuzzy Delphi were used. The results of the research show that the powerful knowledge chain in drug production, the use of medicinal plants, the dependence of the world's pharmaceutical companies on medicines and medicinal herbs, and the existence of a monopoly on the expertise in some of the drugs produced are most effective factors influencing for competitiveness of pharmaceutical companies. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Designing Sustainability Comprehensive Framework for Banking: Using Meta Synthesis and Structural Modeling Interpretation
      Emad Nobahar Mahmoud Dehghan Nayeri Adel Azar Ali  RajabZadeh ghatari
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      Today, bank Businesses are pressured by their stakeholders to address sustainability issues in their activities. Consequently, attention to sustainability and social responsibility in the banking business is increasing day by day. Accordingly, the main purpose of this s Full Text
      Today, bank Businesses are pressured by their stakeholders to address sustainability issues in their activities. Consequently, attention to sustainability and social responsibility in the banking business is increasing day by day. Accordingly, the main purpose of this study is to provide a framework for sustainability in bank Business. To this end, by using the Meta-synthesis approach, the 268 open codes related to sustainability in the banking industry were extracted from related articles and related studies and these open codes formed 59 axial codes. Then, these axial codes were categorized based on similarities in concepts to 10 themes of economic partnership, financial factors, energy use, environmental action, community participation, development of human resources, customer relationship, products and services, human rights issue , and governance. In the following, they were categorized into four including economic, social, and environmental and governance sustainability. Moreover, ISM structured the relationships between the themes while leveling them in a structural model based on the experts’ interprets. According to the results, the theme of human rights is at the lowest level and considered as the basis for bank sustainability. In addition, human rights, human resources, products and services, and customer relationship themes were placed in the independent area of the MICMAC chart that shows the key role and influence of these factors on other factors in the sustainability of bank business. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Optimization of Knowledge Exchange in Industrial Cluster by Goal Programming Case Study: Golestan Animal Feed Industrial Cluster
      Hamidreza Dezfoolian Parvaneh Samouei
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      Knowledge as a strategic resource in organizations is a major and effective factor in creating and sustaining competitive advantage. In industrial clusters, which include a set of organizations with similar field of activities, there is a joint effort among members to s Full Text
      Knowledge as a strategic resource in organizations is a major and effective factor in creating and sustaining competitive advantage. In industrial clusters, which include a set of organizations with similar field of activities, there is a joint effort among members to save resources and enhance their competitive ability. One of these joint activities is the exchange of knowledge among the members, which reduces the cost of knowledge acquisition, increasing collaboration between companies, the ability to innovate and strengthen their competitive ability. In this paper, a goal programming model for the process of knowledge exchange in industrial clusters has been presented based on the data of industrial cluster of animal feed, poultry and aquaculture in Golestan and its results have been analyzed. Achieving the ideal degree of knowledge in the cluster and the amount of budget assigned are considered as two model ideals. In this model, for the process of knowledge exchange, there are two types of presence and non-attendance methods that have significant differences in terms of cost and duration of the transfer. Analyzing the model parameters and examining the results shows that the use of both face-to-face and non- attendance methods for the exchange of knowledge enables companies to flexibly participate in the process according to their working conditions and resources. It also provides better understanding to cluster managers in order to be able to make better decisions and planning in order to achieve greater returns from the knowledge transfer process, based on existing resources and goals. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Analysis of Factors Affecting Stock Selection Using Logarithmic Fuzzy Preference Programming Approach
      Daryush  Farid َAbolfazl Dehghani firoozabadi Davood Andalib Ardakani hamidreza mirzaei
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      The stock market is especially important as a capital investment instrument both for the investor and for the investor. Stock markets are affected not only by large parameters but also by thousands of other factors. The high number and unknown factors affecting stock p Full Text
      The stock market is especially important as a capital investment instrument both for the investor and for the investor. Stock markets are affected not only by large parameters but also by thousands of other factors. The high number and unknown factors affecting stock prices, as well as the complexity of the relationship between these factors and the stock price, have caused uncertainty in the field of investment. One of the tools to reduce uncertainty and the most important discussion of investing in the stock exchange is the selection of the stock portfolio optimally. In this study, through interviewing experts and reviewing existing documents, 6 main criteria for identifying the optimal stock portfolio selection were identified. Using logistic fuzzy preferential programming, weighing these criteria and, finally, weighting the indexes related to We defined each criterion. The results show that the criteria for profitability, efficiency and risk are the most important criteria in choosing stock portfolios Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Performance Evaluation and Ranking of Iranian Insurance Companies by Using Balanced Score card, Shannon Entropy Weighting Method and Grey VIKOR approach
      vafa mousavi mohammad hasan kamfiroozi
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      Performance evaluation is a fundamental necessity in facing and coping with changes and continuous improvement activities. Insurance companies to determine your current position and survive and thrive in today's competitive world must continually methods and models to a Full Text
      Performance evaluation is a fundamental necessity in facing and coping with changes and continuous improvement activities. Insurance companies to determine your current position and survive and thrive in today's competitive world must continually methods and models to assess and improve their performance and activities of the organization are ongoing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of insurance companies based on Shannon's weighting entropy and the ranking method is done according to grey VIKOR technique address. The performance evaluation is conducted based on the Balanced Score card method. Moreover, instead of using the linguistic variables and absolute numbers we will use grey numbers Tuesday parameterization. Grey VIKOR is a one of the most developed approaches of multi-criteria decision making under uncertainty conditions. Furthermore, the actual weights based on the concept of objective to regulate the mental weights of Shannon entropy can be used by the decision-makers. The current study has been worked on five insurance companies. According to the data gathered from the questioners the quantity value of the insurance companies has been calculated based on the final weights resulted from Shannon's weighting entropy and the grey VIKOR method. The results revealed that MELLAT insurance company obtained the highest value of (0.9334) and the lowest value (0) belongs to Dana insurance company. Accordingly, Dana Insurance is ranked in the first position, Iran Insurance the second, Alborz Insurance the third, Asia Insurance the fourth and MELLAT insurance the fifth. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Investigating the Role of Supply Chain Integration in Just in Time Production and Firm Performance (Case Study: Malayer Raisin Processing Companies)
      mirza hasan hosseini Mohammad Javad Azarshahi
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of supply chain integration in just in time production strategy and firm performance. This is an applied, descriptive, Survey and cross-sectional study. The population of the study was 60 Malayer raisin processing co Full Text
      The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of supply chain integration in just in time production strategy and firm performance. This is an applied, descriptive, Survey and cross-sectional study. The population of the study was 60 Malayer raisin processing companies, out of which 57 were randomly selected based on Cochran formula for limited communities. The method of data collection was field survey and the instrument used was questionnaire. Structural path modeling based on partial least squares and PLS software was used to analyze the data. The findings of this study confirm the significant impact of internal integration on customer integration, supplier integration and just in time production. Evidence also showed that integration with customers and integration with suppliers had a significant impact on the firm's just in time production and performance and just in time production on firm performance. There was no evidence of a significant effect of internal integration on firm performance. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Investigating the Relationship between Knowledge Management and Organizational Culture with the Mediating Role of Staff Empowerment in Education and Education in Andimeshk
      Farhad Kianfar
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      The main objective of this research is to investigate the relationship between knowledge management and organizational culture with the mediating role of empowerment staff in Andimeshk city. This research is a descriptive-correlational one in terms of the purpose of app Full Text
      The main objective of this research is to investigate the relationship between knowledge management and organizational culture with the mediating role of empowerment staff in Andimeshk city. This research is a descriptive-correlational one in terms of the purpose of applied research and in terms of information gathering, field survey. The statistical population of this study is all managers and deputies of girls and boys in elementary, first, middle and upper secondary schools The second is in Andimeshk city in the academic year 1398-1399, whose number is 196 people. Accordingly, from among the statistical community, 130 school administrators and assistants were selected through stratified sampling method, using a logarithmic chart. Of these, 110 completed questionnaires were completed and finally analyzed. Three standardized questionnaires were prepared to collect data. Validity of the questionnaires was verified as a standard according to the supervisor's opinion. Also, the reliability of the questionnaire was calculated using the Kronbach's alpha method. Knowledge management questionnaire was used with Kronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.74, standardized Robbins organizational culture questionnaire with coefficient of 0.88 and Spreader empowerment questionnaire with a coefficient of 0.78 It turned out. The results of the single-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test were used to examine the normality of the scores of the main variables of the research (path analysis) to determine the direct causality of the variables, as well as the Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression that were analyzed using AMOS18 and SPSS23 software. Finally, the results showed that there is a direct and significant relationship between knowledge management components and organizational culture and knowledge management with organizational empowerment and organizational culture. There is a direct and significant relationship between knowledge management and organizational culture with the role of mediation in empowering an indirect and significant relationship Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Designing a Model for Human Resources monitoring with an emphasis on the requirements and challenges
      saeed jafarinia usef vakili Akbar Hasanpour Fariborz Shadbakht
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      This article is the result of a study conducted at the headquarters of the Ministry of Jihad Agriculture with the aim of designing a model of human resource surveillance with an emphasis on the requirements and challenges of its implementation. In terms of purpose, this Full Text
      This article is the result of a study conducted at the headquarters of the Ministry of Jihad Agriculture with the aim of designing a model of human resource surveillance with an emphasis on the requirements and challenges of its implementation. In terms of purpose, this research was among the developmental researches that were implemented with a qualitative and quantitative approach. In order to achieve the above goal, after studying the background of the subject, first with semi-structured and in-depth interviews with experts, the dimensions and components of the requirements and challenges required to design the model based on system theory were determined and then designed to confirm the model. Quantitative method was used using confirmatory factor analysis method. Samples in the qualitative section using the targeted sampling method in the number of twenty people and in the quantitative section in the number of two hundred people with the criteria of new selection and the amount of education related to human resources, at least ten years of experience in human resources and familiarity with structure and organization They were selected, then the components of the interview were extracted using MAXQDA 2018 software. The results of MAXQDA software output showed that out of eighty-three initial calculated components, eighty-one components were approved in the input, process, output, results and effects stages, and in order to validate the findings of the interview from Maxwell's theoretical validity and Lincoln's and Guba's methods were used in the qualitative section, and the reliability of the data obtained from the interview was reported to be 0.97 using the Holistic reliability coefficient. Also, to evaluate the appropriateness of the data to perform the confirmatory factor analysis, the calculated KMO test equal to 0.712 and K2=8634 with the degree of freedom 16599 and the alpha coefficient of 0.001 of the appropriateness of the data for the confirmatory factor analysis were confirmed. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis test measuring the fitness evaluation criteria of the factor load factor measurement model of the components greater than 0.7 and the fitness evaluation criteria of the structural model with T.value above 1.96 at the significance level of 0.05 and R.square criterion above 0.67 indicate the approval of 81 computational components in It has a quality method. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      9 - Compatibility of the network of credit supply network of the country's banking system using a super-interpretive approach (soft systems (SSM) and critical innovative systems (CSH)) (Study of financing technology companies through Bank Mellat)
      Eissa Jabbarzadeh Ebrahim Teimoury Saeed Shavalpour
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      In recent years, "technology-based start-ups" have attracted the attention of many researchers and policymakers in various countries as the engine of rapid economic growth. The high growth rate of job creation, sales, exports and capital of these companies, and especial Full Text
      In recent years, "technology-based start-ups" have attracted the attention of many researchers and policymakers in various countries as the engine of rapid economic growth. The high growth rate of job creation, sales, exports and capital of these companies, and especially their role in creating high-quality job opportunities, has put these companies in the spotlight of policymakers in many countries around the world. Banks are recognized as an important institution in financing, which will help improve the financing and credit process of technology-based companies by providing banking facilities and will somehow survive them. However, in recent years, despite the economic problems of banks, financing companies has faced many challenges, so considering the importance of financing technology companies in the country, as well as the diversity and range of experts involved, in this article in order to deal with conflicting perspectives and achieve common vision to organize and manage more effectively and efficiently, a combination of soft systems (SSM) methodology and a critical innovation systems (CSH) approach has been used. After explaining the common points of the two approaches, we will reach a common and radical definition of the problems of the credit network in the country's banking system by conducting in-depth interviews with specialists and experts in this field. After reviewing the processes governing the credit system of technology companies in the banking industry using the approach of critical innovative systems and after criticizing the situation and the state of "is" and "should" and new requirements to improve the current situation, the criteria for improving the process should be extracted. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Managing Flexibility in the Supply Chain
      عبدالله آراسته ابوالفضل  خطی دیزآبادی Mohammad Mahdi Paydar
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      The purpose of this study is to provide a model for evaluating the flexibility between different components of the supply chain. Supply chain flexibility is presented and its significance is examined. This is trailed by a survey of the flexibility literature. Next, devi Full Text
      The purpose of this study is to provide a model for evaluating the flexibility between different components of the supply chain. Supply chain flexibility is presented and its significance is examined. This is trailed by a survey of the flexibility literature. Next, devices for assessing flexibility are talking about: Decision analysis, decision trees, and real options. This paper analyzes how firms got to be get arranged against unsettling impact in their supply chain and centers on how they can utilize real options to respect twofold sourcing procedures. As a presentation, it characterizes a common structure to assist chiefs with considering around store orchestrate interruptions and select adjusted systems. In the first place it sets up a general survey of the conceivable answers for overseeing chance interruptions. It centers on the specific approach of twofold sourcing and outlines that the real options thought may be a adjusted contraption to overview such a technique and builds up an instructive appear to look at and respect the focuses of intrigued of depending on twofold sourcing. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      11 - Explaining and Designing a Model of employee performance management with integrated approach in the governmental banking systems with methasynthesis and structural-interpretive method
      Maryam Fahima daruosh Gholamzadeh ahmad vedadi
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      This article is aimed at designing and explaining the integrated pattern of employee performance management in the country's state-owned banks. In order to achieve this goal, first the integrated categories of integrated performance management have been identified and v Full Text
      This article is aimed at designing and explaining the integrated pattern of employee performance management in the country's state-owned banks. In order to achieve this goal, first the integrated categories of integrated performance management have been identified and validated, and finally, by determining the model of causal relationships of these elements, the final model has been obtained. This research is based on empiricist philosophy and deductive-inductive method. The present study is a fundamental research in terms of purpose, and in terms of data collection method, it’s a cross-sectional research. In this research, mixed method (qualitative & quantitative) has been used. The statistical population of this article includes professors and experts with management experience in SepahBank and has been used to sample the method of bullet and snow. The sampling process continued until theoretical saturation was achieved, and finally 11 managers of the central offices of SepahBank participated in this study. To identify the infrastructural categories of employee performance management, a metasynthesis method has been used and by using interpretive-structural modeling, an integrated staff performance management model has been presented. Data analysis was performed with MaxQda and MicMac software. The results show that among integrated management structures, performance, planning and targeting and organizational culture have high penetration power and have low effectiveness. So the variables are independent. The two variables of knowledge management and coaching have high penetration power and dependency, so they are transferable variables. Employee performance management variables and performance analysis and revision are also highly dependent but have little influence, so they are dependent variables. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      12 - A Survey of the Relationship between Transformational- Transactional Leadership Style and Organizational Silence/Voice: A Meta-Analysis Approach
      zahra SadeqiArani mahmoud pourbaferani fatemeh  namian zahra hoseinpour
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      Improvement in today's organizations requires the empowerment and optimal use of the organization's human resources knowledge, skills opinions and ideas. Various organizational factors can cause non-hearing (silence) or hearing (voice) opinions of employees. One of the Full Text
      Improvement in today's organizations requires the empowerment and optimal use of the organization's human resources knowledge, skills opinions and ideas. Various organizational factors can cause non-hearing (silence) or hearing (voice) opinions of employees. One of the key factors affecting organizational silence or voice is leadership style. The Researches that to survey the impact of organization's leadership style on organizational silence or voice was scattered and do not offer comprehensive result. Accordingly, the present study aimed at meta-analysis of research on the impact of transformational- transactional leadership style on organizational silence or organizational voice. The results of this study indicate that at 95% confidence level, the effect size of transformational leadership style with organizational voice is 0.442 and the effect size of transformational leadership style and transactional leadership style with organizational silence are 0.440 (reversed) and 0.460 (direct), respectively. In other words, Transformational leadership style is driving organizational voice and organizations can have active employees and benefit from their ideas by shift their leadership style from transactional leadership to transformational leadership. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      13 - Scientometrics and content analysis of research in the field of organizational entrepreneurship from the perspective of individual and group entrepreneurship in the organization
      Hossain Sahebi Hamideh Reshadatjoo Mohamad  Aboie Ardakan
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      Addressing corporate entrepreneurship has grown significantly in recent years and is known to be an important factor affecting success of an organisation. Nevertheless, the importance of the subject and research in this field, especially in domestic research, is neglect Full Text
      Addressing corporate entrepreneurship has grown significantly in recent years and is known to be an important factor affecting success of an organisation. Nevertheless, the importance of the subject and research in this field, especially in domestic research, is neglected and there is a wide disagreement in this field. This research has been done by scientometric method, and by using the method of citation analysis, evaluation technique and content analysis of documents; It intends to review studies in the field of corporate entrepreneurship and systematize past research to provide a conceptual model using content analysis of documents. The statistical cumulation of this research includes all the documents presented in the Scopus database with 1325 documents, including articles, books, etc. until 2019. Which is done using Bibexcle and VOSviewer software evaluation and illustration. Based on the content analysis of the documents; Research in the field of "corporate entrepreneurship from the perspective of individual and team entrepreneurship in the organization" is divided into four general sections. The first part of the research related to the pillars of corporate entrepreneurship includes innovation, strategic renewing, and business within the organization. The second part is related to individual entrepreneurship in the organization that concerns entrepreneurial orientation, motivation, ideation and creativity, work experience, acquisition Knowledge and skills development are highlited. The third part is related to team entrepreneurship in the organization, topics such as organizational recruiting capacity, independence, awarding system and effective behavior were identified in the process. The fourth and final part deals with motivating corporate entrepreneurship. It includes factors such as institutional, structural, managerial and environmental Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      14 - Presenting a model for explaining the impact of knowledge management on the lean of services based on the maturity level of organizational KM: A case study of Payam Noor University
      Mohadeseh Nikookar Roxana Fekri Marzieh Babaeianpoor Peyman Akhavan
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      The lean approach seeks to eliminate non-value-added activities and knowledge management to create and apply useable and accessible knowledge for value creation. Therefore, knowledge management is predicted to have a significant impact on the leanness of an organization Full Text
      The lean approach seeks to eliminate non-value-added activities and knowledge management to create and apply useable and accessible knowledge for value creation. Therefore, knowledge management is predicted to have a significant impact on the leanness of an organization. On the other hand, despite the fact that the service sector has become a major resource in the economies of the countries, there is little research on how to implement a lean approach in this sector. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of knowledge management on lean service. For this purpose, the dimensions of lean service were first extracted using the grounded theory. In the following, a questionnaire was designed to measure the maturity level of organizations’ knowledge management. Then, structural equation modeling was performed to illustrate the impact of knowledge management on lean service of Payam Noor Universities by using Smart PLS 2 software. The statistical population of this study is all employees, professors, managers and assistants of Payam Noor Universities. Using sample random sampling, 200 questionnaires were distributed to the statistical population, 157 of which were completed and analyzed. After making sure that the measurement and structural models of the research are acceptable, the results suggest that KM plays an important role in improving the lean of Payam Noor Universities. In the field of knowledge management, factors such as knowledge management leadership, organization’s processes, people and knowledge managements’ outcomes have greatest impact on lean service at Payam Noor University. Therefore, managers of Payam Noor University can improve the maturity level of the knowledge management of the organization and then improve the lean status of their organization by focusing on these factors. By applying this model, service managers, especially university managers, can provide an appropriate platform for their use in managing these organizations through the link between knowledge management and lean. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      15 - Investigating the Factors Affecting the Performance Evaluation of Social Security Brokers in Isfahan Province
      seyedhamid Ghoreishi seyedalireza ebrahimi
      Issue 66 , Volume 20 , Spring 2021
      Abstract Background: Any organization needs to be evaluated for awareness of the desirability and quality of its activities, especially in complex and dynamic environments. On the other hand, the lack of a system of evaluation and control in a system means that it isn' Full Text
      Abstract Background: Any organization needs to be evaluated for awareness of the desirability and quality of its activities, especially in complex and dynamic environments. On the other hand, the lack of a system of evaluation and control in a system means that it isn't communicating with the inner and outer environment, which implies that is aged and ultimately the death of the organization. In this regard, the present study was conducted with the aim of designing a performance evaluation model for social security agencies in Isfahan province. The purpose of this research is application and developmental type. Methodology: The population of the present study consisted of all experts and experts in the field of social security, managers, staff and clients of social security agencies of Isfahan province, which reported about 10,300 people in 1398. The research sample was determined using the Morgan table of 373 individuals. Data were gathered by field method and a researcher-made questionnaire was used for data collection. SmartPLS software was used for data analysis and analysis. Results:The findings showed that customers'viewpoint had a significant effect on the evaluation of the overall performance of the brokerage (t=2.291,p<0.01). Also, the effect of headline managers'view on evaluating the overall performance of the brokerage firm (t=1.988,p<0.05) is significant. However, the effect of employee's view on performance evaluation (t=0.242) wasn't significant. Conclusion: According to the results of the research, it can be said that in evaluating the performance of the organization, in addition to employees and management, customers have a significant role. Manuscript Document
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    • Open Access Article

      1 - Identifying and ranking the Factors Affecting the User Experience of Recommendation Systems in Online Environments (The Case Of: Digikala WebSite)
      Mahdi Farmani Mohammad Ghaffari Hossein moeini Mostafa Zandi Nasab
      Issue 61 , Volume 18 , Winter 2020
      this research is going to identify and rank the factors influencing on user experience from proposing systems in online environment. This research is functional in terms of its purpose, and it is a descriptive one in terms of information gathering. The statistical popul Full Text
      this research is going to identify and rank the factors influencing on user experience from proposing systems in online environment. This research is functional in terms of its purpose, and it is a descriptive one in terms of information gathering. The statistical population of the study was all users of DJ's internet store, who have used the services of this store in April and May of 2018. To determine the sample size, the Kumer and Lee patterns were used, the sample size was 500 and 458 of the samples in questionnaries were completed and obtained. Sampling method was used to select the members of the statistical sample and the data were collected by using both library method for reviewing the literature and the field method for distribution and collection of questionnaries. Validity of the questionnaries was measured by experts and reliability was confirmed by cronbach's alpha. Data analysis was done by exploratory factor analysis using spss software. The findings of this study showed that user experience includes 13 dimensions. To test the dimensions, a one sample T test was used. Therefore studying these dimensions showed that all dimensions are in good condition. Shannon Entropy was used to rank dimensions. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Designing Strategic Pattern of Knowledge Management in Cultural and Educative Affairs
      mehdi rahimi Hadi Rezghi ali akbar farhangi nader mohaghegh
      Issue 62 , Volume 19 , Spring 2020
      These days based on the feature and variety of cultural and educative organizations designing the knowledge management components in accordance with strategy are different and the main strategy of organization improves the synergy of organizational knowledge. Success of Full Text
      These days based on the feature and variety of cultural and educative organizations designing the knowledge management components in accordance with strategy are different and the main strategy of organization improves the synergy of organizational knowledge. Success of a cultural and educative organization relies on applying an appropriate pattern of knowledge management in ruling that organization. A variety of factors may affect designing the strategic pattern of knowledge management that noticing to them may be a key issue in designing successful pattern of knowledge management. The aim of this research is to identify the fundamental components of knowledge management in Tehran province’s prison organization that may have an effect on designing an appropriate strategic pattern of knowledge management in cultural and educative affairs. For identifying and extracting the aimed components the qualitative method is chosen based on the explorative nature and complexity of different dimensions of research. For gathering information from the society of this research that include cultural bosses, employees and prisoners of cultural affairs the deep interview is used. The experts are chosen by using purposeful sampling method and theory. Data analysis shows that after 19 interviews the categories reached to a theoretical saturation. Findings show that 20 components including explanation and dissemination of organizational culture, knowledge oriented strategy an policies, patterning, role of leadership, importance of human resource, appropriate infrastructure of technology and information, evaluation processes of role, organizational structure, experts’ network, assigning rewards and incentives, educational programs, cooperation and teamwork, difficulty in accessing knowledge, knowledge management architecture, reengineering, clarity, trust, systematic relationship with stakeholders, knowledge strategies, importance of recording saving and documentation of knowledge are identified. Conclusion: Designing strategic pattern of knowledge management in cultural and educative affairs of Tehran’s province prison organization may be successful in case the identified components find establishment and to be used in that organization concerned. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Investigating a model of implementation and development business intelligence in organization with the purpose of improving decision-making
      Payam Yaghli    
      Issue 64 , Volume 19 , Autumn 2020
      This article firstly tries to identify the various dimensions of successful implementation and development business intelligence as a set of technologies and processes that promote the procedure of the decision-making in the organization. Next, the effect of these dimen Full Text
      This article firstly tries to identify the various dimensions of successful implementation and development business intelligence as a set of technologies and processes that promote the procedure of the decision-making in the organization. Next, the effect of these dimensions on the process of decision-making in Eghtesad-e-Novin Bank, as a financial organization in which the speed of decision-making is of importance will be discussed. The criteria are the cultural, strategic and environmental factors, human resources and business intelligence tools the effects of which are discussed on the variable of "the latency in decision- making" in four divisions of organizational decision environment. The research methodology is mixed in this research and for this purpose in the qualitative part, the different dimensions of success in implementation and development business intelligence were extracted on the quality of decision-making with the Delphi technique by using the method of interviews and open questions in three stages and with the snowball method with the opinions of 18 experts. In the quantitative part, the priorities were determined with the help of the Analysis Network Process and Super Decision software. Finally, the main questionnaire has been finalized for the distribution among 90 personnel of different levels of the development and implement of business intelligence systems and the direct users of these systems in the organization. With the help of Smart Plus software and structural equations, as well as the effect of research variables on the reduction in the latency in decision-making, the relevant assumptions have been examined in a descriptive and survey manner with factor analysis. The proposed factors and models for evaluating business intelligence presented in this article help organizations, especially financial organizations in which speed in decision-making is of particular importance, to promote decision-making and minimize possible latencies in decision-making. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Studying the effect of Qualified Management on Environmental Management and Green Supply Chain and their impact on Green function ( A Case study done by:Pars Khazar co.)
      seyyed sajjad mohtasham Reza  Esmaeilpour Mohammad Rahim  Ramazanian
      Issue 48 , Volume 15 , Autumn 2016
      Nowadays, in the competitive market, for survival in the global and local competition, companies are required to improve the quality of their goods and do not limit the improvement of the quality of their products to a series of characteristics and features to attract t Full Text
      Nowadays, in the competitive market, for survival in the global and local competition, companies are required to improve the quality of their goods and do not limit the improvement of the quality of their products to a series of characteristics and features to attract the customers’ satisfaction. But, they consider the quality in the product’s design and process and believe that in order to achieve a developed production and improve the performance, they must include the environmental factor in the quality of their goods. Considering environmental factors and managing the green supply chain are effective in the quality of goods and lead to an improvement in the performance of companies in production. This research is applied in terms of objective and scientific in terms of nature and research methodology, and its statistical population includes all managers, experts, consultants, engineers, employees, customers and some of expert activists in the sector of Pars Khazar manufacturing companies and their relating branches. For data analysis, the structural equations modeling, partial least squares, multivariate analysis and fitness model variables test were done using LISREL(8.5) and SPSS(21) softwares. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Developing a hybrid model to clustering Tehran Stock Exchange companies using meta-heuristic algorithms
        Ali Mohaghar
      Issue 59 , Volume 18 , Summer 2019
      Investment decision, have always has been one of the most important issues. Investors are trying to achieve the highest efficiency and the least risk by selecting the best companies from Among a wide variety of companies considering to various financial indicators. Acco Full Text
      Investment decision, have always has been one of the most important issues. Investors are trying to achieve the highest efficiency and the least risk by selecting the best companies from Among a wide variety of companies considering to various financial indicators. Accordingly, today, there are many ways to analyze the data from this company. One of the ways is clustering that classification of the companies. However, the present study aimed to identify and distinguish successful from unsuccessful companies in Tehran Stock Exchange has been done using K-means clustering. Then this problem is solved using meta-heuristic algorithms. The results indicate that meta-heuristic algorithms compared with conventional methods, more efficient and have led to a global optimum. Also these results of Altman’s bankruptcy model were confirmed results of meta-heuristic algorithms. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      6 - A model for change governance structures for implementation theocracy based velayat-e faqih
       
      Issue 56 , Volume 17 , Autumn 2018
      The Iranian people, led by Imam Khomeini revolted for the establishment of Islamic rule. Today the world's ‎dominant discourse is democracy and for this purpose, the nature of the government of Iran became Islamic Republic that ‎democracy is form and Islamic is terms o Full Text
      The Iranian people, led by Imam Khomeini revolted for the establishment of Islamic rule. Today the world's ‎dominant discourse is democracy and for this purpose, the nature of the government of Iran became Islamic Republic that ‎democracy is form and Islamic is terms of content of government. Due to the lack of experience of Islamic countries in ‎democratic, western systems of governance was accepted to implement democracy. For Islamization of the government, it ‎placed the Supreme Leader at the head and the Guardian Council supervisory of parliament. Now, after nearly four decades ‎is essential to be revised in the governance structures. If there is a fault in the system should be desgined a system based on ‎religious approch and according to the conditions implement that in the absence of Imam Islamic roles should be ‎implemented. ‎ The study based on religious principles, characteristics of Islamic government and conditions of our country a ‎model for implementing religious government is designed. Content analysis method is used to obtain principle that should ‎be considered in the design of governance structures. For finding religious (Islamic) government a questionnaire among 30 ‎people who were selected snowball was distributed and analyesd with AHP method. For the realization of these features ‎according to religious principles and features of Iranian people, a system was designed that accordind to the idea of ten of ‎experts was revised. ‎ Keywords: neighborhood management, theocracy, theocracy structure, urban managementthe supreme leader.‎ Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      7 -
         
      Issue 45 , Volume 14 , Winter 2016

    • Open Access Article

      8 - A systematic review of artificial neural network applications in supply chain management
        Aref  Toghroljerdi pooria malekinejad
      Issue 62 , Volume 19 , Spring 2020
      Nowadays, the success rate of companies/organizations in the competitive market is the performance of their supply chain managment. Various techniques have been utilized to improve it, which one of the most widely used methods to solve these problems is artificial neura Full Text
      Nowadays, the success rate of companies/organizations in the competitive market is the performance of their supply chain managment. Various techniques have been utilized to improve it, which one of the most widely used methods to solve these problems is artificial neural network. The purpose of this study is to systematically review the various applications of artificial neural networks in solving the problems of different parts of the supply chain. Hence, by using the literature review, the key vocabulary of the link between the two domains was identified. Using the keywords extracted from the research literature, a search was made between the Scopus databases and Web-based Science. By searching in these databases, articles related to the application of artificial neural network in different areas of supply chain have been extracted. Finally, the articles were filtered using a variety of tools and then high-ranking papers were identified. Using important articles identified, various categories of artificial neural network applications were implemented in supply chain management. The results of this study indicate that artificial neural networks have been most used in solving engineering, computer science and business issues Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      9 - Explanation the challenges and success factors for commercialization of research achievements (Case Study: Institute of Information and Communications Technology)
      Hosein Eftekhari Fatemeh Saghafi
      Issue 50 , Volume 16 , Spring 2017
      Achievements and research findings could n't be a factor for creation of wealth and welfare for society until they will be commercialized. So the creation of contexts for commercialization, not only provides significant economic value for organization, but also leads to Full Text
      Achievements and research findings could n't be a factor for creation of wealth and welfare for society until they will be commercialized. So the creation of contexts for commercialization, not only provides significant economic value for organization, but also leads to economic and technical growth of community. In this study, the challenges and success factors of commercialization for research achievements will be identified and ranked. This research in terms of the objective is applied research, and in terms of how to gathering data, is descriptive survey. First, by the literature review and use of expert’s opinions in the Institute of Communications and Information Technology and using the Delphi technique, 11 challenges and 19 success factors for commercialization of research achievements were identified. For measuring the consensus, Kendall's Coefficient and for ranking the factor the Friedman test are used. The results show that the most important challenges are "weak laws protecting intellectual property, economic barriers, lack of commercialization strategies" and the most important success factors are "requiring faculty to estimates business plan for their new research propsals, intellectual property protection, and effective communication between universities and industry". Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Impact of green human resource factors on environmental performance in manufacturing companies (Case study: petrochemical companies in Assaluyeh and Mahshahr)
      Soheila Bourghani Farahani Banafsheh Fotovat Maryam  Khadem
      Issue 52 , Volume 16 , Autumn 2017
      Abstract This study aimed to Impact of green human resource factors on environmental performance in manufacturing companies at petrochemical companies in assaluyeh and mahshahr.This is a descriptive-correlational study with applied objective. The target population incl Full Text
      Abstract This study aimed to Impact of green human resource factors on environmental performance in manufacturing companies at petrochemical companies in assaluyeh and mahshahr.This is a descriptive-correlational study with applied objective. The target population includes experts and human resource managers health, safety & environment management system of petrochemical companies in assaluyeh and mahshahr. That society is 600 people that the statistical sample consists of234 subjects who were selected by the random sampling method. standard questionnaire of Green Human Resources factors and Environmental performance from Anusingh and Shikha used to collect data Finally the study data was analyzed by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) method The results showed top management commitment to environmental management, employee environmental training, employees team work, employee Involvement, employee environmental rewards and green programs have a significant and positive impact on environmental performance but environmental cooperation staff had no significant impact on environmental performance. Manuscript Document
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