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    • Open Access Article

      1 - Developing a structural model of organizational performance dimensions based on opportunities, threats, and strengths and weaknesses in the Social Security of Organization
      ام البنین گیلان bagher sarokhani seyedmohamad seyedmirzaei
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      The Social Security Administration, as the largest provider of social security in the country, is constantly interacting with the internal and external environment. Therefore, understanding this process leads to a kind of programming based on a realistic view of the dim More
      The Social Security Administration, as the largest provider of social security in the country, is constantly interacting with the internal and external environment. Therefore, understanding this process leads to a kind of programming based on a realistic view of the dimensions of organizational performance. The purpose of the present study is to provide a structural model of organizational performance dimensions based on environmental changes and opportunities, threats and weaknesses in the organization. This research is based on data type, quantitative and purpose, applied research and method, descriptive correlation and specifically structural equation model. The statistical population of the present study are experts of the Social Security Organization with 13 people and the employees were selected according to the 9 variables observed in the model. Allocation of coefficient 30 with more than 300 estimates in a simple random method was done with equal chance. SPSS software analysis methods and statistical tools have been used to analyze the research data. The results show that the paths of opportunities, strengths, weaknesses and threats have a significant and direct effect on organizational performance and also the values obtained from the coefficient of determination indicate a significant level of effect, which has the greatest effect on strengths and the least effect. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Designing a Comprehensive Personal Productivity Assessment Model for the Personnel in Banking Industry
      Ali  Nemati Hojjat Taheri Goodarzi Parvaneh Gelard Yadollah   Abbaszadeh Sahroun
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      The present research aims at designing a comprehensive personal productivity assessment model for the personnel in the banking industry, which has been conducted with a combined (qualitative-quantitative) method. Objective sampling method has been employed for the resea More
      The present research aims at designing a comprehensive personal productivity assessment model for the personnel in the banking industry, which has been conducted with a combined (qualitative-quantitative) method. Objective sampling method has been employed for the research where a number of university elite and experts as well as managers of the banking industry were elected as samples. Semi-organized interviews and closed-ended questions were used as the first and second stages of data collection. The method of analysis in the qualitative section was inductive thematic analysis and in the quantitative section was structural equations modeling, and the results of the research in the qualitative section is indicative of identifying 377 meaningful concepts or propositions resulting from 110 interview texts; however, taking into account the notion of concentration, the meaningful concepts and propositions were reduced to 137 primary themes. Further on, 15 subsidiary themes and 3 levels of main themes were identified. For the quantitative section, a structural pattern was presented for the correlation among the components which depicted that from among the 15 components constituting the personal productivity of the personnel in the banking industry, the highest ratio belongs to social intelligence with the value of 0.82 and the lowest ratio goes for professional competency wit the value of 0.49 Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Investigating the Relationship between Knowledge Management Processes and Factors Affecting Human Resources Empowerment
      محمد سعید  پوررضا mohamadAli sarlak
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      Summary Human resources are the most valuable resources of an organization that collect and store in their minds as experiences, experiences, trends, solutions, initiatives, etc. as a knowledge base. When this knowledge was implicitly and explicitly taken out of the ha More
      Summary Human resources are the most valuable resources of an organization that collect and store in their minds as experiences, experiences, trends, solutions, initiatives, etc. as a knowledge base. When this knowledge was implicitly and explicitly taken out of the hands of the organization and managed, It can be fruitful and can help achieve organizational goals. This happens during the knowledge management process. The process of identifying, producing, disseminating, integrating, and applying the right knowledge at the right time by the right person in the knowledge management organization. This article attempts to describe and define knowledge management and the relationship between knowledge management and human resource empowerment while explaining the impacts of knowledge management on human resource empowerment. Summary Human resources are the most valuable resources of an organization that collect and store in their minds as experiences, experiences, trends, solutions, initiatives, etc. as a knowledge base. When this knowledge was implicitly and explicitly taken out of the hands of the organization and managed, It can be fruitful and can help achieve organizational goals. This happens during the knowledge management process. The process of identifying, producing, disseminating, integrating, and applying the right knowledge at the right time by the right person in the knowledge management organization. This article attempts to describe and define knowledge management and the relationship between knowledge management and human resource empowerment while explaining the impacts of knowledge management on human resource empowerment. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - The Study of the Impact of Culture Through Justice on Organizational Paranoia
      Mojtaba رفيعي Latifeh  Ebrahimi
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      One of the issues that is clearly seen in today's organizations is about interpersonal organizational relationships. Communications that play an important role in organizational success and failure. Therefore, in this research, the impact of culture through justice on o More
      One of the issues that is clearly seen in today's organizations is about interpersonal organizational relationships. Communications that play an important role in organizational success and failure. Therefore, in this research, the impact of culture through justice on organizational paranoia in the Central Telecommunication Company has been investigated. Staff of the Central Telecommunication Company were considered as the statistical population of this research. The present research is purposeful and applied in terms of its methodology. In this regard, while reviewing the subject literature and using library resources, the researcher has used a questionnaire to collect information. Validity of the questionnaires was confirmed by experts and Cronbach's alpha also showed its reliability. According to the sample, questionnaires were distributed among 320 employees and answered to 300 questionnaires. The hypotheses of this study were tested using Lisrel software. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to analyze the data and test the research hypotheses. The results of the research indicated that culture had a positive and significant effect on organizational paranoia, but culture did not have a significant effect on organizational paranoia through justice. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Designing of the green marketing model in consumer markets in small and medium businesses to enter international markets with a soft system methodology approach
      Elham  Keshavarz mirza hasan hosseini
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      Designing a green marketing model in the country is a complex, time consuming and long matter and due to the role of different actors in it, its dynamism has been increased and these two factors of complexity and dynamism are the main reasons for using the methodology a More
      Designing a green marketing model in the country is a complex, time consuming and long matter and due to the role of different actors in it, its dynamism has been increased and these two factors of complexity and dynamism are the main reasons for using the methodology approach of soft systems in the design of this model, because the approaches related to the design of hard models in the fetus will not have the necessary efficiency and effectiveness. In this research, using the soft system methodology approach, the unstructured problem, i.e. designing a green marketing model in consumer markets in small and medium-sized businesses to enter international markets, is explained and then, by defining its boundaries, a clear picture of different system actors and benefits that are drawn. In the third step, the CATWOE approach is used to explain the root definition of green marketing in consumer markets in small and medium-sized businesses to enter international markets, and in the fourth step, a conceptual model of activities is presented using the root definition. In the fifth step, the developed model is compared with the real world. In the sixth stage, desirable and possible changes to improve and develop the real system are identified, and finally in the seventh stage, programs to implement the changes are proposed and given to the officials and stakeholders involved in the situation to improve the performance of the system and ultimately reduce environmental degradation and improve consumer purchasing intent. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Designing an evaluation model of the effective factors on customers’ satisfaction with a system dynamics approach in the ceramic tile industry of Yazd province
      امیراحسان اسحاقیه فیروزآبادی
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      Abstract IntroductionTherefore, the purpose of this study is to present a simulated model of factors affecting customer satisfaction based on dynamic methodology in order to analyze the factors and also improve customer satisfaction. Method:This research is applied More
      Abstract IntroductionTherefore, the purpose of this study is to present a simulated model of factors affecting customer satisfaction based on dynamic methodology in order to analyze the factors and also improve customer satisfaction. Method:This research is applied in terms of purpose and analytical-descriptive in terms of data collection from the survey branch. First, the initial and proposed model was drawn based on the research background and literature. The statistical population in the present study includes three groups of experts and specialists, information and data and personnel of the ceramic tile industry in Yazd province. At first, a panel of experts (15-20) people were selected and dynamic and key variables affecting the model were identified through semi-structured interviews.While collecting statistical data and financial information, a questionnaire was prepared using the opinion of experts and measured using factor analysis. Results: through simulation by Vensim, show that factors that increase customer satisfaction include quality, product diversity, and on-time delivery and factors that decrease customer satisfaction include ceramic tile import from other countries, low quality, high price, and lack of on-time delivery. Conclusion: Therefore, companies' attention to the model presented in this study can have a significant effect on increasing customer satisfaction. Managers can also play an effective role in increasing customer satisfaction by adopting strategic and creative policies. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Cuncurent engineering for mass production of products from Research and Development projects
      mohammad forozandeh
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      One of the issues and problems facing the research cycle is the integration of design and production. Research institutes design products that are made without the cooperation of the construction engineering firm. The manufacturing institution does not have a common lan More
      One of the issues and problems facing the research cycle is the integration of design and production. Research institutes design products that are made without the cooperation of the construction engineering firm. The manufacturing institution does not have a common language in the production of the designed product and therefore no production takes place. Design without considering production and supply considerations seems beautiful only for the designer, but in some cases, the production organization is either not able to produce it or has problems in supplying some parts. This research deals with the issue of coordination of design, production and supply, which by examining the literature, its key indicators at the level of research projects and industrial development were extracted and finally ranked with decision models. For the first time, this research examines concurrent engineering in the defense industry and provides a model for the integration of design, production and supply. The indicators of this issue are divided into 4 criteria of product structure and architecture, management, quality and organizational cooperation. The criteria of product structure and architecture are the most important. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Designing a model for standardization of nanotechnology using Grounded Theory
      mojtaba bahiraee Manouchehr  Manteghi abbas khamseh
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      Given the ambiguity and uncertainty in the nature of nanotechnology, its commercialization requires the development of an appropriate regulatory system, and the prerequisite for implementation of such a framework is technology standardization. Therefore, the purpose of More
      Given the ambiguity and uncertainty in the nature of nanotechnology, its commercialization requires the development of an appropriate regulatory system, and the prerequisite for implementation of such a framework is technology standardization. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to provide a model for standardization of nanotechnology and explain the theoretical theorems. This research is an applied research that has been done with a qualitative approach based on grounded theory. The statistical population of this study is experts at the macro and firm levels and purposeful sampling has been used. The collected qualitative data were analyzed using MAXQDA18 software and the final model was extracted. Based on the analyzes performed, in the axial and selective coding stages, 45 codes and 6 categories were identified, including drivers, nanotechnology standardization, mechanisms, prerequisites, surrounding conditions and barriers, and results. The resulting theory shows that standardization of nanotechnology leads to increasing market share and production volume and demand, branding, increasing quality and safety, creating wealth and economic advantage, pioneering in nanotechnology, gaining public trust, reducing risk and technology uncertainty, diffusion of innovation. To achieve these results are emphasized on strategies including, standardization diplomacy, attracting private sector participation, developing corporate standardization, improving and evaluating the national nanotechnology standardization system, enforcing some standards, export-oriented nanotechnology standardization policies, standardization in the technology life cycle, development of nanometrology laboratories, research and development in nanotechnology standardization, proper government policy, and product quality control and quality assurance. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - Effect of Celebrity Endorsement at Advertising on Compulsive buying: The role of the materialism mediator and the role of Self Confidence, desire to fashion and awareness moderator among young buyers
      fakhrieh Hamidianpour
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      Background: One of the types of purchases that today is an important social issue is the on compulsive buying that is the dark side of consumer behavior. Compulsive buyer try to hide their shopping activities because they are afraid that others will consider them to be More
      Background: One of the types of purchases that today is an important social issue is the on compulsive buying that is the dark side of consumer behavior. Compulsive buyer try to hide their shopping activities because they are afraid that others will consider them to be the ones who are constantly buying. This disorder along with initial pleasure, is usually associated with feelings of guilt and regret. Aim: The main goal of this study is to measure the effect of well-known advertisers on compulsive buying. In this research, the role of the level of consumer awareness, tendency to fashion and self-confidence as a moderator has been studied. Methodology: The current study is an applied research and regarding data collection is descriptive. The population in the present study includes all the young buyers of goods in the shops of the city of Bushehr who were chosen via non-random availability method. 385 questionnaires were evaluated. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze research data. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS version 19 and Smart PLS softwares. Smart PLS is one of methods of the structural equation modeling Conclusions: The results this study show well-known affirmation of advertising has a positive and significant effect on materialism. Also, increasing materialism will also increase compulsive buying. In this study, the effect of consumer awareness on materialism was confirmed, but its moderator role was not confirmed. In addition, the moderating effect of low level of involvement in the relationship of consumer’perception and impulse buying was also confirmed, while the moderating effects of consumer’mood and time pressure in the relationship of consumer’ perception on the impulse buying was not confirmed. Findings showed that increasing mood tends to increase compulsive buying, and reducing self-esteem leads to an increase in compulsive buying. But the moderating role of the two was not confirmed. The innovation of this research is the contribution of this research to measuring the impact of each of the materialist variables, using well-known advertisers in advertising, self-confidence, awareness and willingness to consumer fashion on compulsive shopping. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Analysis of Marketing System and Branding of Handmade Carpets (A study of Producers in the Iranian west Provines)
      Reza Shafeai Amir Ghafourian shagerdi Soran Mowlaie
      Issue 69 , Vol. 20 , Winter 2022
      Handmade carpet in addition to dimensions of occupation, export, and economic interests, has long been a symbol of the rich culture of this land and has special celebrity worldwide. Neglecting the principles of marketing and business, the competitive advantage of handma More
      Handmade carpet in addition to dimensions of occupation, export, and economic interests, has long been a symbol of the rich culture of this land and has special celebrity worldwide. Neglecting the principles of marketing and business, the competitive advantage of handmade carpets has faced serious risks, in particular at the global level. Today's competitive world, customers are at the heart of every business, recognition of desires, shopping habits and consumer culture perform a vital role in the branding and marketing of handmade carpets. Therefore, analysis and expansion of knowledge in this regard helps the success of the product brand in the target markets. Accordingly, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the marketing situation and brand of handmade carpets. The research method in this study is descriptive and data collection was gathered through structured interviews and questionnaires. For this purpose, activists and producers of handmade carpets have been studied using non-probabilistic sampling method and by referring to them directly in Kurdistan and Kermanshah provinces. The results showed that at present, there is not much luck in branding handmade carpets by the owners of production units. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a specific model to improve the marketing and branding of this valuable product. Manuscript profile
    Most Viewed Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Identifying and ranking the Factors Affecting the User Experience of Recommendation Systems in Online Environments (The Case Of: Digikala WebSite)
      Mahdi Farmani Mohammad Ghaffari Hossein moeini Mostafa Zandi Nasab
      Issue 61 , Vol. 18 , Winter 2020
      this research is going to identify and rank the factors influencing on user experience from proposing systems in online environment. This research is functional in terms of its purpose, and it is a descriptive one in terms of information gathering. The statistical popul More
      this research is going to identify and rank the factors influencing on user experience from proposing systems in online environment. This research is functional in terms of its purpose, and it is a descriptive one in terms of information gathering. The statistical population of the study was all users of DJ's internet store, who have used the services of this store in April and May of 2018. To determine the sample size, the Kumer and Lee patterns were used, the sample size was 500 and 458 of the samples in questionnaries were completed and obtained. Sampling method was used to select the members of the statistical sample and the data were collected by using both library method for reviewing the literature and the field method for distribution and collection of questionnaries. Validity of the questionnaries was measured by experts and reliability was confirmed by cronbach's alpha. Data analysis was done by exploratory factor analysis using spss software. The findings of this study showed that user experience includes 13 dimensions. To test the dimensions, a one sample T test was used. Therefore studying these dimensions showed that all dimensions are in good condition. Shannon Entropy was used to rank dimensions. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Designing Strategic Pattern of Knowledge Management in Cultural and Educative Affairs
      mehdi rahimi Hadi Rezghi ali akbar farhangi nader mohaghegh
      Issue 62 , Vol. 19 , Spring 2020
      These days based on the feature and variety of cultural and educative organizations designing the knowledge management components in accordance with strategy are different and the main strategy of organization improves the synergy of organizational knowledge. Success of More
      These days based on the feature and variety of cultural and educative organizations designing the knowledge management components in accordance with strategy are different and the main strategy of organization improves the synergy of organizational knowledge. Success of a cultural and educative organization relies on applying an appropriate pattern of knowledge management in ruling that organization. A variety of factors may affect designing the strategic pattern of knowledge management that noticing to them may be a key issue in designing successful pattern of knowledge management. The aim of this research is to identify the fundamental components of knowledge management in Tehran province’s prison organization that may have an effect on designing an appropriate strategic pattern of knowledge management in cultural and educative affairs. For identifying and extracting the aimed components the qualitative method is chosen based on the explorative nature and complexity of different dimensions of research. For gathering information from the society of this research that include cultural bosses, employees and prisoners of cultural affairs the deep interview is used. The experts are chosen by using purposeful sampling method and theory. Data analysis shows that after 19 interviews the categories reached to a theoretical saturation. Findings show that 20 components including explanation and dissemination of organizational culture, knowledge oriented strategy an policies, patterning, role of leadership, importance of human resource, appropriate infrastructure of technology and information, evaluation processes of role, organizational structure, experts’ network, assigning rewards and incentives, educational programs, cooperation and teamwork, difficulty in accessing knowledge, knowledge management architecture, reengineering, clarity, trust, systematic relationship with stakeholders, knowledge strategies, importance of recording saving and documentation of knowledge are identified. Conclusion: Designing strategic pattern of knowledge management in cultural and educative affairs of Tehran’s province prison organization may be successful in case the identified components find establishment and to be used in that organization concerned. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Investigating the Relationship between Organizational Performance Evaluation Components (Case Study: Public Sector Purchasing Organization)
        Alireza Aliahmadi
      Issue 63 , Vol. 19 , Summer 2020
      The evaluation of the organizational performance is an important area in management. The significance of the performance evaluation is mainly associated with its necessity for the originations and managers. In other words, if the performance of the organization is not e More
      The evaluation of the organizational performance is an important area in management. The significance of the performance evaluation is mainly associated with its necessity for the originations and managers. In other words, if the performance of the organization is not evaluated, its management is hampered. This study aims to examine the relationship between the components of organizational performance evaluation. The research population includes 30 cases chosen from the university lecturers and the elite in the fields of organizational performance evaluation, supply chain, logistics and support. The sample size was determined using the census approach. The research method was descriptive and correlational, and a self-constructed questionnaire—using the Delphi method— was used to collect the data. The validity and reliability of the scale were reported as 0.96 and 0.91, respectively. The obtained data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics in the form of tables and figures. The data were analyzed by Smart PLS and Structural Equation Modeling. Attempts were made to examine all the factors affecting the logistic organizational performance. Therefore, six main factors and 30 minor factors in the form of 101 items were examined. The results showed that infrastructure and input, growth and learning, results and consequences, stakeholders’ satisfaction, finance and procedures were confirmed as main factors of logistic organizational performance evaluation. The model was also reported powerful according to goodness of fit indices. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Developing the Roadmap of Succession Planning in the Organization (Case study: Iranian Gas Transmission Company, district 3)
      Mostafa Najafi Sharafeddin  Mohammad arazi Aliakbar Hasani
      Issue 51 , Vol. 16 , Summer 2017
      Developing a roadmap for an organization creates a clear path to a series of goals and visions for the future. Organizations use roadmap as a tool for variety of strategic objectives and the reason of this, is the diversity of approaches and techniques in this field. Ro More
      Developing a roadmap for an organization creates a clear path to a series of goals and visions for the future. Organizations use roadmap as a tool for variety of strategic objectives and the reason of this, is the diversity of approaches and techniques in this field. Roadmap helps companies, industries and organizations to map what they need to do to succeed in the future. Planning for supply appropriate human resources for the organization's future is one of the key and strategic decisions making for the organizations. In general, the purpose of succession planning is the preparation of talented individuals within the organization, to fill key, delicate and strategic jobs. Therefore, planning to build an integrated model to replace the old forces in any organization is inevitable. Therefore, in this paper we have tried to draw a comprehensive roadmap for the implementation of the succession planning as a roadmap for the survival of the organization, as well. A case study in this paper is the Iranian Gas Transmission Company, district 3 and with respect to the company's strategic importance to the country from different aspects affecting the sustainable growth, the development of roadmap for the future of this organization has been on the agenda. Data collection based on experts' comments and by using the Delphi process was conducted. The findings show that the roadmap developed according to the validation conducted by experts, has been well managed the visible and invisible Gas company needs to provide succession of forces according to the goals. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Investigating a model of implementation and development business intelligence in organization with the purpose of improving decision-making
      Payam Yaghli    
      Issue 64 , Vol. 19 , Autumn 2020
      This article firstly tries to identify the various dimensions of successful implementation and development business intelligence as a set of technologies and processes that promote the procedure of the decision-making in the organization. Next, the effect of these dimen More
      This article firstly tries to identify the various dimensions of successful implementation and development business intelligence as a set of technologies and processes that promote the procedure of the decision-making in the organization. Next, the effect of these dimensions on the process of decision-making in Eghtesad-e-Novin Bank, as a financial organization in which the speed of decision-making is of importance will be discussed. The criteria are the cultural, strategic and environmental factors, human resources and business intelligence tools the effects of which are discussed on the variable of "the latency in decision- making" in four divisions of organizational decision environment. The research methodology is mixed in this research and for this purpose in the qualitative part, the different dimensions of success in implementation and development business intelligence were extracted on the quality of decision-making with the Delphi technique by using the method of interviews and open questions in three stages and with the snowball method with the opinions of 18 experts. In the quantitative part, the priorities were determined with the help of the Analysis Network Process and Super Decision software. Finally, the main questionnaire has been finalized for the distribution among 90 personnel of different levels of the development and implement of business intelligence systems and the direct users of these systems in the organization. With the help of Smart Plus software and structural equations, as well as the effect of research variables on the reduction in the latency in decision-making, the relevant assumptions have been examined in a descriptive and survey manner with factor analysis. The proposed factors and models for evaluating business intelligence presented in this article help organizations, especially financial organizations in which speed in decision-making is of particular importance, to promote decision-making and minimize possible latencies in decision-making. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Studying the effect of Qualified Management on Environmental Management and Green Supply Chain and their impact on Green function ( A Case study done by:Pars Khazar co.)
      seyyed sajjad mohtasham Reza  Esmaeilpour Mohammad Rahim  Ramazanian
      Issue 48 , Vol. 15 , Autumn 2016
      Nowadays, in the competitive market, for survival in the global and local competition, companies are required to improve the quality of their goods and do not limit the improvement of the quality of their products to a series of characteristics and features to attract t More
      Nowadays, in the competitive market, for survival in the global and local competition, companies are required to improve the quality of their goods and do not limit the improvement of the quality of their products to a series of characteristics and features to attract the customers’ satisfaction. But, they consider the quality in the product’s design and process and believe that in order to achieve a developed production and improve the performance, they must include the environmental factor in the quality of their goods. Considering environmental factors and managing the green supply chain are effective in the quality of goods and lead to an improvement in the performance of companies in production. This research is applied in terms of objective and scientific in terms of nature and research methodology, and its statistical population includes all managers, experts, consultants, engineers, employees, customers and some of expert activists in the sector of Pars Khazar manufacturing companies and their relating branches. For data analysis, the structural equations modeling, partial least squares, multivariate analysis and fitness model variables test were done using LISREL(8.5) and SPSS(21) softwares. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Developing a hybrid model to clustering Tehran Stock Exchange companies using meta-heuristic algorithms
        Ali Mohaghar
      Issue 59 , Vol. 18 , Summer 2019
      Investment decision, have always has been one of the most important issues. Investors are trying to achieve the highest efficiency and the least risk by selecting the best companies from Among a wide variety of companies considering to various financial indicators. Acco More
      Investment decision, have always has been one of the most important issues. Investors are trying to achieve the highest efficiency and the least risk by selecting the best companies from Among a wide variety of companies considering to various financial indicators. Accordingly, today, there are many ways to analyze the data from this company. One of the ways is clustering that classification of the companies. However, the present study aimed to identify and distinguish successful from unsuccessful companies in Tehran Stock Exchange has been done using K-means clustering. Then this problem is solved using meta-heuristic algorithms. The results indicate that meta-heuristic algorithms compared with conventional methods, more efficient and have led to a global optimum. Also these results of Altman’s bankruptcy model were confirmed results of meta-heuristic algorithms. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - A model for change governance structures for implementation theocracy based velayat-e faqih
       
      Issue 56 , Vol. 17 , Autumn 2018
      The Iranian people, led by Imam Khomeini revolted for the establishment of Islamic rule. Today the world's ‎dominant discourse is democracy and for this purpose, the nature of the government of Iran became Islamic Republic that ‎democracy is form and Islamic is terms o More
      The Iranian people, led by Imam Khomeini revolted for the establishment of Islamic rule. Today the world's ‎dominant discourse is democracy and for this purpose, the nature of the government of Iran became Islamic Republic that ‎democracy is form and Islamic is terms of content of government. Due to the lack of experience of Islamic countries in ‎democratic, western systems of governance was accepted to implement democracy. For Islamization of the government, it ‎placed the Supreme Leader at the head and the Guardian Council supervisory of parliament. Now, after nearly four decades ‎is essential to be revised in the governance structures. If there is a fault in the system should be desgined a system based on ‎religious approch and according to the conditions implement that in the absence of Imam Islamic roles should be ‎implemented. ‎ The study based on religious principles, characteristics of Islamic government and conditions of our country a ‎model for implementing religious government is designed. Content analysis method is used to obtain principle that should ‎be considered in the design of governance structures. For finding religious (Islamic) government a questionnaire among 30 ‎people who were selected snowball was distributed and analyesd with AHP method. For the realization of these features ‎according to religious principles and features of Iranian people, a system was designed that accordind to the idea of ten of ‎experts was revised. ‎ Keywords: neighborhood management, theocracy, theocracy structure, urban managementthe supreme leader.‎ Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - A systematic review of artificial neural network applications in supply chain management
        Aref  Toghroljerdi pooria malekinejad
      Issue 62 , Vol. 19 , Spring 2020
      Nowadays, the success rate of companies/organizations in the competitive market is the performance of their supply chain managment. Various techniques have been utilized to improve it, which one of the most widely used methods to solve these problems is artificial neura More
      Nowadays, the success rate of companies/organizations in the competitive market is the performance of their supply chain managment. Various techniques have been utilized to improve it, which one of the most widely used methods to solve these problems is artificial neural network. The purpose of this study is to systematically review the various applications of artificial neural networks in solving the problems of different parts of the supply chain. Hence, by using the literature review, the key vocabulary of the link between the two domains was identified. Using the keywords extracted from the research literature, a search was made between the Scopus databases and Web-based Science. By searching in these databases, articles related to the application of artificial neural network in different areas of supply chain have been extracted. Finally, the articles were filtered using a variety of tools and then high-ranking papers were identified. Using important articles identified, various categories of artificial neural network applications were implemented in supply chain management. The results of this study indicate that artificial neural networks have been most used in solving engineering, computer science and business issues Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

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      Issue 45 , Vol. 14 , Winter 2016
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