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      • Open Access Article

        1 - Develop a business model with a focus on central enterprise in a collaboration network
         
        The development of networked organizations usually done by a focal firm (the mother). For this purpose, the focal firm as the main center of network must implement her strategies with an action plan. Significance of business model in a network is important as many exper More
        The development of networked organizations usually done by a focal firm (the mother). For this purpose, the focal firm as the main center of network must implement her strategies with an action plan. Significance of business model in a network is important as many experts realize business model as an engine for network base strategy. In the present study, we look at the subject of collaboration networks , to review, identify and prioritize the role of focal firm in the business model of collaboration networks. In this direction, by reviewing existing literature on maternal advantage we extract the key functions of focal firm in her mothering strategy and business model. Then the extracted factors in Delphi process was judged and developed by experts. After confirming the final factors by experts to further validation and extract the Priority of factors we design questionnaires that given to Academic experts and managers who working in two network, the result of that questionnaires approved the applicability of the model Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The effect of oil shocks on the relationship between income - government expenditure in Iran And challenges of management and impulse control
        جابر اکبری Sadegh Bakhtiari Morteza sameti Homayoun Ranjbar
        Abstract Unexpected changes in oil prices on international unstable markets, impact on economic development (Due to budget dependence on oil and the high proportion of government in the economy). Financial management and economic planning in applying a policy, always More
        Abstract Unexpected changes in oil prices on international unstable markets, impact on economic development (Due to budget dependence on oil and the high proportion of government in the economy). Financial management and economic planning in applying a policy, always consider other conditions constant but in action, macro-economic variables such as income and government expenditure are affected by unexpected internal and external shocks and this factor impairs economic development and the effectiveness of the policies intended are disrupted. Therefore, Iran's official policy has always been faced with the challenge of managing the oil income shocks. Considering the importance, in this study, by using models of TVP and TVPFAVAR, using software econometric MATLAB and EViews and using quarterly data over the period 1367 to 1394 has been paid to the effects of the oil shock on the relationship of income - expenditure the Iranian government. Considering that, the exchange rate is a channel for oil income to the economy, the effect of exchange rate shocks is estimated this relationship. Based on the results, oil income shocks increase the relationship of income - government spending. This means that oil shocks increase government expenditure in each period. However, the effects of increasing it during, is decreasing. Also, government spending relative to negative income shocks, was inflexible. Thus, the dependence of the budget oil revenue, through time, has not diminished. As a result, it is proposed that: managers and government policy makers, to improve the relationship between income and expenses, Avoid from policies of discretionary and temporary treatment and take action to prevent and systematic policies. Also, exchange rate shocks have caused the relationship between income and expenditure, reduced. In other words, the increase in the exchange rate through time is not a revenue source for the government to finance its expenditure. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - شناسایی فرآیندهای کسب‌وکار (مطالعه موردی: شرکت ساماندهی صنایع و مشاغل شهر تهران)
        Mehrdad Agha Mohammad Ali Kermani حیدر بیرانوند Atieh bozorgipour
        مدیریت فرآیندهای کسب‌وکار یک روش‌شناسی نظام‌مند به‌منظور شناسایی، طراحی/ بازطراحی، ایجاد، مستندسازی، اندازه‌گیری، پایش و کنترل فرآیندهای کسب‌وکار، به‌منظور ایجاد ارزش برای مشتریان سازمان با چابکی بالاتر است. پژوهش حاضر با توجه به اهمیت بسیار بالای شناسایی فرآیندها به عن More
        مدیریت فرآیندهای کسب‌وکار یک روش‌شناسی نظام‌مند به‌منظور شناسایی، طراحی/ بازطراحی، ایجاد، مستندسازی، اندازه‌گیری، پایش و کنترل فرآیندهای کسب‌وکار، به‌منظور ایجاد ارزش برای مشتریان سازمان با چابکی بالاتر است. پژوهش حاضر با توجه به اهمیت بسیار بالای شناسایی فرآیندها به عنوان سنگ بنای طراحی و بهبود مستمر فرآیندهای کسب‌وکار، به ارائه یک رویکرد جدید و بسیار کارا جهت شناسایی فرآیندهای سازمان پرداخته است. معماری فرآیندهای سازمانی عنوان این رویکرد می‌باشد. در ادامه، شرکت ساماندهی صنایع و مشاغل شهر تهران به عنوان مطالعه موردی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است و سه مورد از فرآیندهای اصلی آن شناسایی‌شده‌اند. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که با استفاده از این روش، امر شناسایی و کشف فرآیندهای سازمان با دقت و کارایی فوق‌العاده بالایی صورت پذیرفته و در قالبی کاملاً استاندارد ارائه می‌گردد. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Investigation the effect of employee involvement on organizational citizenship behavior with moderating role of organizational identity
        seyyed morteza ghayour   Ali pourang Seyed ali ghaderi elham nasiri
        Human resource is the most important resources in organization, which influences organizational direction and performance. Organizational citizenship behavior is a desired consequence that managers tend to increase it among human resources. The aim of this study is to i More
        Human resource is the most important resources in organization, which influences organizational direction and performance. Organizational citizenship behavior is a desired consequence that managers tend to increase it among human resources. The aim of this study is to investigate effects of job involvement on organizational citizenship behavior with moderating role of organizational identity. The population of study is Iran Insurance Company agencies (representatives) in Mashhad, with 300 agencies. Two-stage cluster sampling method was used with regard to the distribution of agencies in Mashhad. 167 agencies were determined for sampling size using Morgan table. Data collection tool were three questionnaires which their validity confirmed through construct validity and reliability were assessed using Cronbach's alpha. To ensure of returning adequate questionnaires, 170 questionnaires were distributed and 167 questionnaires were returned. Data analysis using structural equation modeling and partial least squares (PLS) was conducted. The results showed that job involvement has significant positive effect on organizational citizenship behavior. Also, organizational identity has moderating role in the relationship between job involvement and organizational citizenship behavior. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Identifying Evaluation Criteria for the Political Behaviors of Chief Administrative Officers at Bank Maskan Iran Using DEMATEL - Fuzzy Delphi Technique
        Naser Poursadegh Rashid Zolfaghare zaferani Amir Rezaee
        The role of effective and efficient management is becoming more important in today’s competitive world which is undoubtedly full of complexity, ambiguity, and uncertainty in challenging situations, competitions, and conflicts. People associate power with many advantages More
        The role of effective and efficient management is becoming more important in today’s competitive world which is undoubtedly full of complexity, ambiguity, and uncertainty in challenging situations, competitions, and conflicts. People associate power with many advantages; therefore, they make many efforts to gain it in organizations. Battling for power raises the discussion of political behaviors in organizations. The aim of this study was to present a multi-index decision-making fuzzy hybrid model of qualitative analysis to identify the dimensions and indices of political behavior occurrence among CAOs at the branches of Bank Maskan in Tehran by using a fuzzy Delphi technique. Moreover, the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) technique was employed to determine how influential and influenceable the indices were. The statistical population included 20 CAOs (Bank Maskan) with at least 10 years of executive and management experience. The research results indicated that Personal Characteristics became known as the most influential dimension with the highest value of (R-J) (1.244) among the evaluation criteria for political behaviors of CAOs at Bank Maskan. Moreover, Occupational Attitudes became identified as the most influenceable dimension according to the lowest value of (R-J) (1.358). Given the highest value of (R+J), Personal Characteristics interacted the most with other dimensions (1.244). Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Identifying factors affecting bancassurance desks efficiency, Case study: Bank MELLAT and MA Insurance
        حمیدرضا نورعلیزاده علی  بنیادی نایینی Mohsen Sadeghi
        A majority of studies around efficiency assessment just estimate it. Indeed, they don’t address the roots of inefficiency of DMUs. These shortcomings could be resulted from silo approaches conducted by researchers. Our research aims address this gap. We propose a two-st More
        A majority of studies around efficiency assessment just estimate it. Indeed, they don’t address the roots of inefficiency of DMUs. These shortcomings could be resulted from silo approaches conducted by researchers. Our research aims address this gap. We propose a two-stage procedure in which first, the efficiency of bancassurance desks are estimated by DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) and then, roots of inefficiency are identified by a survey designed based on enabler section of European Foundation for Quality Management model (EFQM) and conducted among bancassurance desks employees. This study is applied in terms of purpose, and mathematical as well as statistical in terms of data analysis. The population of this study consisted of all bancassurance desks of BANK MELLAT in 2015. After efficient and inefficient branches of bancassurance have been estimated and ranked, in order to identify factors affecting efficiency, a questionnaire designed according with criteria of EFQM. Reliability of questionnaire was tested by Cronbach's alpha coefficient, and normal distribution of data was tested by using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. The effects of variables (factors) on efficiency were evaluated via regression analysis, then obtained answers were tested for research questions. The results of ranking the impact of factors on the efficiency of bancassurance desks showed that employees, partnerships and resources, products and services, strategy, and leadership are the efficient factors, respectively. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Prioritize Allocating Budget For Civil Project In Ministry of Sience, Research and Technology Using Fuzzy Anatical Hierarchy Process and Fuzzy Topsis
        Alireza Aliahmadi Mohsenali  Shayanfar Mostafa Farmani
        Recently, decisions and debates related to it, such as the allocation of credits for planes and projects at the country level and at managerial levels, are a major issue in organizations, ministries and official institutions of the country. The proposed model for budget More
        Recently, decisions and debates related to it, such as the allocation of credits for planes and projects at the country level and at managerial levels, are a major issue in organizations, ministries and official institutions of the country. The proposed model for budget allocation is a tool for accelerating decision making by managers. In this research, which was conducted to prioritize development projects at Science Research and Technology ministry , in addition to the management decision making quicknessusing, it has been tried to answer the question ,which is the most appropriate choice among options available (projects) using multi-index models? This method is based on decision-making and decision-making matrix basis. To this end, in this research, a multi-index model is used to answer what factors are to be allocated This research studies how to design aeffective model for allocating credit to development of the construction projects in the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology using multi-criteria techniques. The purpose of this research is to identify and rank effective indicators on credit allocation and Their grading (importance coefficient) and choosing the optimal option and preparing a credit allocation model. After initial refinement among the indicators and criteria, using the fuzzy hierarchical process method and the fuzzy topisation method, which are the multi-Criteria decision-making methods and with the help of MATLAB software and other related software which is one of the most important tools for accelerating multi-criteria decision-making techniques, criteria and indicators are ranked and weighted. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Synergistic leadership, post-modern approach to human resource flexibility and voice behavior
        Sead  aibaghi esfehani   Ramin Elahi Elahi
        Nowadays, In developing countries the women's participation in senior sectors of the organizations is lower than men, thus glass ceilings and walls have limited horizontally and vertically movement of women in the organizations. The synergistic leadership theory is the More
        Nowadays, In developing countries the women's participation in senior sectors of the organizations is lower than men, thus glass ceilings and walls have limited horizontally and vertically movement of women in the organizations. The synergistic leadership theory is the post-modern approach to leadership that conceptualized the presence of women in leadership positions of the leadership of the organizations as the synergistic agent in the organizations. This study aims to evaluate the effect of synergistic leadership on flexibility of human resources, in this evaluation the effect of the voice behavior of employees is considered as a mediator variable. This study is a practical search in terms of aim and is a descriptive survey in terms of method. The realm of study is the offices of social security organizations which is located in Tehran. For doing this study for measuring synergistic leadership in organization is used through the questionnaire of synergistic leadership, Thus after validation testes, reliability and validity were approved. Data analysis is done by using regression test and structural equations through software Amos and the findings of the research show the positive effect of synergistic leadership on the flexibility of human resources and also confirmed the positive and significant effect of synergistic leadership on the voice behavior of employees. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        9 - The effect of service brand dimensions on brand loyalty with the mediating role of customer satisfaction and brand attitude: A case study of Keshavarzi Bank branches in Torbat-e Heydarieh
        وجیهه  هوشیار Mohammad rostampour
        Today, research on brand has acquired a special position in business, because the issue, through its impact on customer satisfaction and loyalty, can be very influential in the survival and life of a service entity. Accordingly, the purpose of this research is to invest More
        Today, research on brand has acquired a special position in business, because the issue, through its impact on customer satisfaction and loyalty, can be very influential in the survival and life of a service entity. Accordingly, the purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of service brand dimensions on customer loyalty to a brand. The study was conducted in the population of customers of Keshavarzi Bank branches in Torbat-e Heydarieh. We tested the effect of brand dimensions (brand evidence, brand hearsay) on customer satisfaction and brand attitude as well as the effect of brand attitude on customer loyalty through seven hypotheses. For this purpose, we used structural equation modeling and LISREL software. Hypothesis testing was conducted on a sample of 322 subjects that were selected by random sampling method. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess the validity of research instrument (questionnaire), and the results showed an acceptable validity for each variable in the questionnaire (test statistic for all variables was higher than 4%). The reliability of the questionnaire was measured using Cronbach’s alpha test and the test statistic for all variable was higher than 7%, which indicates that the questionnaire has a good reliability. Moreover, all the seven hypotheses of the study were confirmed. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        10 - Investigating the Impact of Sustainable Supply Chain on Organization Performance using Balanced Score Card Approach (Case of: Fajr Jam Gas Refinery)
        Abbas Shoul saeid sadeghi laleh abbaslo
        The concept of sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) has been considered as an important organizational philosophy to achieve more profits by reducing environmental and social risk. In fact, the environmental management with an emphasis on environmental protection More
        The concept of sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) has been considered as an important organizational philosophy to achieve more profits by reducing environmental and social risk. In fact, the environmental management with an emphasis on environmental protection is one of the most important issues of customers, stakeholders, governments, employees and competitors. The main aim of this research is to assess impact of sustainable supply chain management on performance of Fajr Jam Gas Refinery using balanced scorecard approach. The data for this research collected through the questionnaires that sent to 80 managers and expert of Fajr Jam Gas Refinery. To analyze the data, partial least squares (PLS) method and smart PLS-Graph software version 3 was used. The results reveals that sustainable supply chain management has a significant positive effect on performance of Fajr Jam Gas Refinery. Finally, some practical offers and strategies for managers and some suggestions for future research of researchers are provided. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        11 - The evolution of incumbents’ role during new nanotechnology based firms’ collaboration within new product development
        Mohammad Ali Bahreini Zarj Ali Mobini Dehkordi Nima Heirati Mohammad Reza Meigounpoory
        How incumbents benefit from advanced technologies has played an important role in the management literature. Industrial companies, in spite of certain advantages in the resources, experience and market knowledge, need to use advanced technology to increase their competi More
        How incumbents benefit from advanced technologies has played an important role in the management literature. Industrial companies, in spite of certain advantages in the resources, experience and market knowledge, need to use advanced technology to increase their competitive advantages. Yet very little research has explained how incumbents collaborate with new nanotechnology based firms in order to develop new nano products. The study focuses on longitudinal six-year case studies of five collaborations between incumbents and new nanotechnology based firms. The contribution of this research is available in three parts. First, the benefit of incumbents from the nanotechnology requires a long-term extensive and interactive process, based on the synergy of technological capabilities of the new nanotechnology firms and the incumbents’ resources and capabilities. Second, the incumbents must have flexibility in their structures and collaboration’s strategies. Third, the role of the incumbents changes from a "technology taker" at the start of the collaboration to "new product development mentor" and then becomes a high-tech product / service buyer after clarifying the dimensions of technology and product innovation. This study provides a worthy illustration of these collaborations for researchers, managers and policymakers. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        12 - Evaluating performance of IT department a fuzzy AHP and BSC approach
        محسن ناظم بکایی
        In this ever-changing world, information technology (IT) is a must for the survival of a company, and the functions of IT department is becoming increasingly important. The assessment of IT department is critical to understand how the department contributes to organizat More
        In this ever-changing world, information technology (IT) is a must for the survival of a company, and the functions of IT department is becoming increasingly important. The assessment of IT department is critical to understand how the department contributes to organizational and strategic goals. Because IT department performs many tasks that cannot simply be measured by monetary units, evaluation methods that solely rely on financial measures are not adequate. The objective of this study is to construct an approach based on the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) and balanced scorecard (BSC) for evaluating an IT department in the company studied. The BSC concept is applied to define the hierarchy with four major perspectives (i.e. financial, customer, internal business process, and learning and growth), and performance indicators are selected for each perspective. A fuzzy AHP (FAHP) approach is then proposed in order to tolerate vagueness and ambiguity of information. A FAHP information system is finally constructed to facilitate the solving process. The results provide guidance to IT departments in the Industry Case Study regarding strategies for improving department performance. The constructed information system is suggested to be a good tool for solving other multiple-criteria decision-making problems. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        13 - Designing the solutions to the existing damage guild system law adopted in 1392 in Islamic Parliament of Iran to enhance its effectiveness
        Mohsen Sarami Ebrahim Azizi
        In this paper, the guild system law adopted in 1392 in Islamic Parliament of Iran discussed And difficulties in the way of its implementation and the lack of some legal provisions conflicts with other laws of the country were investigated. In this paper .Guild system la More
        In this paper, the guild system law adopted in 1392 in Islamic Parliament of Iran discussed And difficulties in the way of its implementation and the lack of some legal provisions conflicts with other laws of the country were investigated. In this paper .Guild system law is pervasive And all people in the community have been directly and indirectly involved with it in their lives and Provides private sector services in an easily and regular manner. If this law has problems, it will harm people and cause harm and disorder in society. Therefore, the review and promotion of this law are indispensable. The research method of this paper is a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods and used of questionnaire and Delphi techniques in this paper. This paper examines 16 of the most important legal issues that have error and Has provided some suggestions for improving this provision. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        14 - Designing and the Explanation of the Innovation Model in Production of the Food Products through a Study in the JAMM and ROZE TALAEE Food Products Industries Group
        Ramezan Gholami Avati
        Nowadays, everything is changing and transforming, and the competitors are seeking for increasing in their own market share through reaching to the competitive advantage. The considering of the innovation, as one of the alternatives for increasing in competitive advanta More
        Nowadays, everything is changing and transforming, and the competitors are seeking for increasing in their own market share through reaching to the competitive advantage. The considering of the innovation, as one of the alternatives for increasing in competitive advantage within commercial dynamic environments and contexts, is an essential matter. On the other hand, there are various factors which are influential on the innovation. These factors, therefore, must be studied. Indeed, the purpose of the present research is designing and explanation of the innovation model in the production of food products. The methodology of the present study, in term of purpose, is an applied one, and in term of nature and method, is a descriptive-analytical study. Statistical population of the study includes the experts and managers of the JAMM and ROZE TALAEE Production and Packaging Industries Group. In the present research, after reviewing the literature, influential factors on the innovation process recognized and organized in three dimensions (behavioral factors, structural factors, and environmental factors). Research dada have been gathered and analyzed by using the questionnaire and Fuzzy Delphi Techniques and Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM). The results of ranking of the research variables using Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) test, after identification of the main variables, showed that the innovation performance, commerce, productivity, research and development (R&D), and venturing on the knowledge components as the most impressionable variables ranked in the upmost level, and the world economic streams and innovation policies components as the most influential variables ranked in the lowest level. Manuscript profile